It took literally months to put together but my “1993” piece on Buhloone Mindstate aired on NPR’s Morning Edition on Monday .1
I’ve been doing record reviews for NPR for nearly 10 years now but this is the first reported piece I’ve done for them and I had forgotten how much work radio journalism entails. Most of it is fun – chatting with Prince Paul is always a pleasure â€“ but then comes the culling of the darlings. This was exceptionally hard, especially since I’m so used to quasi-word limits where I can go over by a few hundred words and no one raises a fuss. Morning Edition, on the other hand, needs pieces accurate to the second.
I knew this going in but I still turned in a piece that was at least 2.5x longer than could have ever aired. Out came the editorial axe – swing, swing, chop in the slaughtahouse – and then an x-acto blade to finish the rest.2 It was a painful process since it meant I had to lose all these gems from my interviewees â€“ including all my P.A. Mase quotes, sadly â€“ and I wasn’t able to get into the “making of” of any songs besides “I Am I Be.”
But…the upside is that I can now get my Rakim Told Me on. In other words, I can use all the editing floor scraps to cobble together this companion essay on Buhloone Mindstate. Reeeeeewind
Prior to working on this story, I never thought much about “what BMS meant” to the group at that point in their career. Third albums just don’t carry the same weight of expectations as a debut or sophomore effort. Besides, De La Soul had already metaphorically slain themselves with the last album. How do you follow that up?
Dante Ross told me that, “I think they were at some form of a crossroads in a sense. And if the record had been a bad record, it could have been the end of De La Soul.” Stakes was high? Pos countered, “it was never like, ‘look man, youâ€™re going to get shelved if you donâ€™t try this or that.’ It was never nothing like that.” However, even if their careers didn’t necessarily hang in the balance, that didn’t mean that they weren’t getting pressure. Dave inadvertently riffed on Pos’s point, saying that “the label [was] telling us we should try this and try that.” And moreover, they were still living somewhere in the shadow of 3 Ft. High.
So the third album, weâ€™re still stuck with the same stress of trying to have our own individual sound…but still competing with our first album. And youâ€™ve got to understand, we had the pressure of the second album not living up to expectation. Our mindset for [BMS], or any album we made was, â€œWeâ€™re going to do what we want to do on our own terms, and try to make it as cool as possible.â€ As opposed to trying to recreate the first two records.
And here’s Dave/Trugoy:
We had been, I guess, through the â€œmachine.â€ You know, 3 Ft. High was an experience… Its success, obviously catapulted us into a role and a position, and De La Soul is Dead was a bit of a reacting to 3 Ft. High and I think Buhloone Mindstate was…the effect of what those two albums did.
The trick became how to work on this third album on its own merits. As Mase put it, “I never went into any album thinking that we were going to do it as well as the first. You know? It was always a re-creation, reinvention, and kind of starting over.”Complicating all this was how everyone was getting older, starting families and settling down while still trying to balance the rigors of international touring and finding time to work together. It was a constant juggle and that meant, for example, that BMS ended up being recorded in several different studios, which subtly impacted how different songs would sound. Members were also working more on tracks on their own, before bringing them to the group as a whole. They hadn’t lost chemistry (just listen to album!) but they also weren’t spending every waking moment together, spitballing ideas 24/7. The group was getting older and wiser but as the execs at Tommy Boy would soon find out, they weren’t any less cutting in their sense of humor.
This was one of the earliest songs they recorded but it wasn’t originally meant to actually be on the final album. Here’s Pos:
We had this idea, â€œYo! We want to scare the shit out of Tommy Boy by basically putting together songs that we knew werenâ€™t going to be on the album, but we was going to have them sound really wild and different and then play them at a meeting.â€ Because that was one thing they had got into…they would want to sit around with all the people at Tommy Boy…and listen to what we were doing.
Dave picks up the story from here:
So we would put these silly, dumb songs together and give them a tape of that so they could build on it and get happy and say, â€œYay! Theyâ€™re working on this crazy, silly record again!â€ while we did our own thing on the side, and produced and worked on other songs. â€œEn Focusâ€ was just one of those songs that was the silly version that started off just really nuts; it was just really weird. But then, just listening to it, it had a groove to it. It had a vibe to it.
This was Mase’s favorite song:
That was the record we made with the original JBs: Maceo Parker, Pee Wee Ellis, Fred Wesley. We spent a lot of time in the studio for about a good week and a half, about two weeks, really just recording a bunch of stuff, different loops and samples either I had or Pos had that we wanted them to play on top of. And then it was a point in time where Maceo or Fred Wesley just took charge in the studio and wanted to give us more than what we were asking for, because theyâ€™re just real musicians.
It was interesting to see Maceo and Fred Wesley debate on who was going to direct. Maceo donâ€™t like directing, although heâ€™s a great musical director, but he donâ€™t like directing. He liked to play, and Fred Wesley did all the directing in the studio. It was an amazing experience. I mean, talking about James Brown, the original backing band. You know what Iâ€™m saying? I couldnâ€™t have had a better experience in the studio.
Paul says bringing in the O.G. JBs’ players was his and Pos’s idea, after they heard a Maceo Parker album that sounded it was already using sampled drum beats:
I was like, â€œYo!” and Pos was like, â€œYo! I want to get Maceo Parker on this record!â€ And me being the egotist that I was back then, I was like, â€œIâ€™m going to get him! Watch!â€ And so that was my mission, to get Maceo Parker on the album, and we lucked out and got Fred Wesley and we got most of the JBs down to record on that album. Yeah, that was an experience within itself. I actually have video footage of that. I have this on VHS, and I keep telling myself, â€œOne day I will put it on YouTube,â€ but Iâ€™m too lazy!3
Long Island Wildin’
I remember, at the time, this song left the most heads scratching their heads. For one, most folks had never heard a Japanese rapper before, let alone on an album this prominent. And for the non-Japanese speakers, they had no clue what was being spit. On one level, the group put them on here expressly because they were in an experimental mood, they wanted to do whatever they wanted. But deeper than that, they also wanted to show their fans how far hip-hop had spread.
Paul breaks all that down:
[Takgai Khan and SDP] happened to be in New York at the time, and I was doing a remix, I think for one of their singles. And so I was like, â€œHey! You know, come down to the studio!â€ We had the beat. I think Pos hooked up the drum beat, and he was like, â€œYeah, okay, rhyme on this!â€ It was so ill because, youâ€™ve got to understand then, even though rap was worldly, it was just so closed-minded at that point where New York was New York, L.A. was L.A., everything was restricted to its area. So, that coming out of nowhereâ€”it was like, â€œJapanese rappers?!â€ A lot of people didnâ€™t know they even existed!
I really wanted to make that the first song on the album, but the guys said, â€œNo man, itâ€™s going to make people not understand what the concept of the album is! Itâ€™s going to throw them off!â€ But I thought it was so cool at the time. It was funny! Do you know how funny that would be? They didnâ€™t get my sense of humor at the time.4
Ego Trippin’ Pt. 2
P.A. Mase was always more than “just a DJ” but at that point in time, he really wanted to make it known to folks that he didn’t just spin records, he also could make them. Musically,”Ego Trippin’ Pt. 2″ was brainchild, owing partially to his own history, playing in marching bands.
I always had a personal connection to big band, marching band type of material. I was actually in the band myself in junior high and high school. So I was always compelled to that kind of music. And Al Hirt was the artist I started to follow. I came across â€œHarlem Hendoo,â€ and I had a fucking shit-fit! Like I could have pissed and shit on myself at the same time because I knew I landed on a gold mine! It just reached out and grabbed me the minute I played the record.5 So I spent a lot of time really trying to craft that beat, put it together.
You know, I didnâ€™t think the guys would actually like that. My wife was the one around when I actually made the track, and she was like, â€œWow, thatâ€™s really nice.â€ My wife is not much of a hip-hop head at all [but] she was totally into the groove of the track. The only person I played it for was Vinia Mojica, knowing that she was on the cusp of making her album, and I thought it was something that, if my group didnâ€™t like, I think it would work with her. But, surprisingly enough, I played it in the studio and the group was like, â€œThatâ€™s it right there! Thatâ€™s the one!â€
I Am I be
Pos he calls “I Am I Be” “my favorite De La record,” and for many fans, they consider it the finest piece of song craft the group ever put out. This beat came from Paul’s personal collection and it wasn’t meant to be something he had created for De La.
I actually made [that] on a 4-track cassette. I guess now when people make music, they make it with the idea of, â€œThis is going to trade on radio or Iâ€™m going to give it to somebody.â€ But I actually sit and make music for myself, and that was a song I made for myself. The guys came by the house one day and I was just playing music, and I said, â€œOkay, I have this idea for this album. I have this idea for this album, and I kind of passed through that one.â€ They were like, â€œYo! Whatâ€™s that?â€ â€œEh, thatâ€™s not really for you guys. Letâ€™s go to the next one.â€ They was like, â€œNo no no, what is that?â€ And they said, â€œYeah, we want to write it and use it for the album.â€ I was like, â€œAre you sure? Itâ€™s not really designed to be rhymed on, itâ€™s just a song I made.â€ From that point, Pos wrote the concept and blew me away. I remember him writingâ€”kind of giving me the idea of it and having the people in the beginning and everything, but when I actually heard his lyrics in the studio, it sent a chill down my spine. I was like, â€œWhoa, you took it some place I didnâ€™t really think it could go.â€
Back to Pos:
I love to reflect. I always love those kind of serious songs. I mean being around someone as fun and kooky as Paul, he brings it out of me to do that, but…I was always down to be more serious. Thatâ€™s why I loved â€œI Am I Be,â€ when I can just take the time and look at myself in the mirror and be honest about where I am.
When Paul had given us the tape with that music on it, with the essential loop, I was like, â€œWow!â€ I just loved the way it sounded, and it just got me to start writing. Fred Wesley and Pee Wee Ellis and Maceo, that just took it to another level. Itâ€™s just a great record. It feels good. It aligns itself with me, like as a person. And when I heard it, the hairs on my skin stood up, I just loved it. And after putting words to it, it just made me feel that much stronger about the record.
In the Woods
Here we go again: another track (produced by Mase) that wasn’t originally intended for the crew. Dave explains:
â€œIn the Woodsâ€ was just one of those hip-hop beats that was really powerful to me. From what I understand, it was a track that he was doing for KRS-One, but that didnâ€™t happen. I think â€œIn the Woodsâ€ was amazing, and I want to say I think I was high when we were recording â€œIn the Woods,â€ and the first thing I heard was an alter-ego kind of thing. So thatâ€™s why there are two different voices and Iâ€™m talking back and forth with this other voice; Iâ€™m an elf. It was just one of those songs that made me want to rhyme; it made me want to write a little bit of a rhyme-friendly feel, but definitely just experimenting as well.
The song prominently features Shortie No Mas, who was all over BMS in small, ad-lib ways elsewhere. Unlike other members of the Native Tongues who had guested on other De La songs, Shortie was a newcomer and BMS was as prominent a platform as one could ask for. Paul explains:
I believe Pos was like, â€œYeah, I got this girl Shortie, and I want to put her on this song!â€ And then, I think it went from one song to, â€œYo! I think Shortie would sound good on this song!â€ and â€œI think Shortie would sound good on [that] song!â€ Iâ€™m not sure if that was Posâ€™s project, to eventually work on her album or whatever, [but] that was kind of a launch for her.
Along those lines, Pos adds, “Shortie No Mas, she didnâ€™t necessarily have to rhyme or anything. Her voice just needed to appear in every track somehow. We were just trying to have fun and still be in an experimental state of how we put together music.”6
Let’s start with the track itself, which came from Pos:
I put that together, literally, watching, I think, Motown 25. I saw a part where, I think, Smokey Robinson was doingâ€”I want to say he did â€œA Quiet Storm,â€ and I had â€œI Canâ€™t Help Itâ€ on my turntable in my room at the time.7
Iâ€™ve just always been one, within the group, I always could just hear melodies and how pitches and things could work together. And I was like, â€œYo! I think his voice saying â€˜break of dawnâ€™ could work with â€˜I Canâ€™t Help It.â€™â€ I think this could really work! “Break of dawn,â€™ thatâ€™s like hip-hop! I put it together, found a beat for it, the “Can Can” beat. . I found the “Yes We Can Can beat. That felt right. And I just knew it was going to be dope.
However, like many of the songs on the album, it wasn’t a track that Pos originally meant to share with De La.
That wasnâ€™t originally for the album. It was a track I produced for one of Paulâ€™s artists called Mike Teluxe…around [the time of] De La Soul is Dead, but he had sat on it and never did nothing with it. 8 It wasnâ€™t until probably towards the end of the album when Tommy Boy was like, â€œYou know, we do need something a little bit more radio-friendlyâ€ and what-have-you. I already did â€œBreakadawn”…so thatâ€™s when we wound up snatching that back, to then use that as a possible single for Buhloone Mindstate.
Not everyone in the crew was down with the plan. Pos says, “Dave will tell you he hates â€œBreakadawn.â€ He didnâ€™t want to put that on the album.” Naturally, I had to ask Dave if that was true. His reply:
I think it just was too much of a parallel of what weâ€™ve done in the past, a familiar sample, the catchy loop, maybe almost happy-go-lucky-vibe-guys. I think that we passed that. I think songs like, â€œEn Focus,â€ and â€œIn the Woodsâ€ were where we were at. â€œBreakadawnâ€ was just a fluffy record to me. Itâ€™s not what I wanted to begin representing with De La again. I mean, in the endâ€”great record, people really appreciated it and embraced it..It worked. I rode with the consensus of the group and it was fine.
In fact, Raquel Cepeda tells a story of riding with Dave in the car when “Breakadawn” came on the radio:
I think he was driving me to my godmotherâ€™s house out of town, and I remember hearing â€œBreakadawnâ€ play on the radio…We were just nodding our head back and forth, and just not talking, and just being in the moment. And I can see in his face, as stoic as he can be, I could see, especially at that time, that he was pleased with it.
For many De La fans I’ve come across over the years, Buhloone Mindstate is their favorite from the group but I remember, back in 1993, it didn’t come off that way. It wasn’t that it flopped in our minds but we just couldn’t quite get our heads around it. Paul, perhaps, says it best: “when we did 3 Ft. High and Rising, De La Soul is Dead [we got] instantaneous reaction. With this one, I donâ€™t know what people thought. It was just ‘cool.'”
That same initial ambivalence extended to folks in the crew itself. For example, Pos felt the album was somehow incomplete:
As an individual, Buhloone Mindstate is the only album I think weâ€™ve done where I felt it wasnâ€™t complete…we were missing something, you needed something else. I was really proud in what we created, but just being critical, I just felt like it was missing maybe, I donâ€™t know, it needed another two songs or just a better way for it to end. I wasnâ€™t satisfied with the ending.
That was the first [LP] I could say, I didnâ€™t feel too confident about the business of De La Soul. The creativity, the creation of De La Soul, I felt very confident about, but the business of De La Soul…I didnâ€™t think it was going to be a successful record based on what was going on in hip-hop, period. I felt like, â€œHrm. This might be our decline. We just might become a part of that alumni who has just three albums and weâ€™re done with the game.”
In the eyes of the fans, they wanted us to recreate 3 Ft. Feet High and Rising. They wanted us to recreate De La Soul is Dead. Fans will always have an issue with you changing. I always say, â€œThe fans donâ€™t really know what they really like.â€ You know what Iâ€™m saying? They just like what they like, and they donâ€™t really adapt to change much. Itâ€™s a slow process for them. But it was great to know that it was an industry favorite. Everybody in industry campaigned the record. I was happy that Chuck D loved the record, as opposed to my fans loving the record. I was happy that D.M.C. loved the record. We come from an era where I think it was more important for my peers, and my forefathers, and the people Iâ€™m a protÃ©gÃ© of. It was more important to me that they liked my music.9
The fans did, however, eventually come around. Pos:
Iâ€™ve had fans who will come up to us, you know, even whether now or several years ago, but way after Buhloone Mindstate came out, and they all say, â€œYou know what? I remember when that came out and what you guys had already given us previously, I didnâ€™t really get it. When I had my first kid, or, when I got a little older…when I went back to that album, it really appealed to me more than when it first came out.â€ I have had people say that to me a lot about Buhloone Mindstate, all of us have.
And I’ll let Paul have the last word here, especially as he credits the album with helping burnish his credentials with future collaborators:
In hindsight, this album probably brought me the most work after. I got a call I remember from Macy Gray, â€œI love Buhloone Mindstate.â€ Really?! Chris Rock was like, â€œYou know what? I want you to produce my next record. I really love Buhloone Mindstate.â€ Really?! It brought so much things out of the woodwork but [laughs] where were you guys when it came out?â€ Can I have that on the back of the album? â€œI love this record! â€“Chris Rockâ€
(Not that I’m some expert on this album now but if folks have other questions, I’m happy to search my notes for answers. Use the “Ask Us” link.)
- Huge thanks to my two NPR editors, Frannie Kelly and Tom Cole. Thanks to Brian Coleman for help getting in touch with Pos. Thanks to the always awesome Dante Ross and Raquel Cepeda for their contributions (and Sacha Jenkins for agreeing to participate even if we couldn’t line it up time-wise). Thanks to Gary Powell for all the transcription/time-coding work. And eternal thanks to four guys from Long Island who changed my life: Pos, Dave, Mase and Paul. ↩
- Not a literal razor blade but I’ve done that kind of radio editing too. ↩
- Dear Paul: Please put this out on Youtube. Signed, Everyone. ↩
- Minor trivia note: I didn’t realize this until Pos explained it but that’s Tricky Tee’s voice saying “Long Island is wildin’!” It’s taken from a live recording he made at the Red Parrot in NYC. ↩
- I didn’t have this part of the interview transcribed but I was joking with Mase about how him using that Al Hirt sample lead to a generation of beat diggers picking up every Al Hirt LP they found – and there’s a lot of them – thinking there might be other gold but as everyone who ever tries knows: it’s really just “Harlem Hendoo.” Mase said he came across the Soul in the Horn LP while record shopping in Japan; it was part of bin of Hirt LPs and he bought the entire bin to bring back with him. ↩
- Alas, Shortie’s career never took off. As far as I recall, she only ever released one single in 2002 and one of the songs on there was actually recorded with Da Beatminerz in 1995. ↩
- Just for the sake of fact-checking, Smokey apparently didn’t perform “A Quiet Storm” at Motown 25 so it might have been a different performance Pos was watching. ↩
- Huge thanks to Kell D. who hit me with the info on Mike Teluxe: “he was mix engineer on a bunch of golden era hip hop, some De La, Queen Latifah, etc.” ↩
- For the record, Mase says BMS is his favorite De La LP, the only member of the four, including Paul, who feels that way. ↩
sincere thanks! de la deserves having these stories documented, if not for the sake of their contribution to rap, than for my own personal interest in how their art practice looked behind-the-scenes. Dave rapping as an elf? wow.
You should let Brian Coleman use this for his “Check the Technique 2” book…
Hamadi sent in questions. I may or may not have answers.
1) “I’ve heard Pos say that all members of De La git busy on the production tip. So which instrumentals of theirs started in the mind of Dave”
“Stone Age” was a beat that Dave came up with and he and Biz went way back so it was also his idea to bring in the diabolical for that song. Beyond that, I don’t know – I wasn’t able to ask the members about every song on the album so it’s totally possible there were other songs on there that Dave had originated. Sorry for not having more details but I went into this knowing that there was no possible way we could talk about the album in its entirety so I focused on a few keys songs and then, if they brought up other songs on their own, I was happy to have them expound on ’em.
BTW, looking through my notes, “Area” was a Pos beat originally.
2) “I’m also interested in lyrics, did you glean new understanding about any particular bars from the oft obtuse-spitting duo?”Also (lol) why did they think “”Area”” was album material? Whose idea was “”3 days later?””
The easiest way to answer this is that the group didn’t really go into the album with some kind of specific agenda. I think “De La Soul Is Dead” was far more of a “concept album” just given the title and the desire of the group to kill off the daisy age vibe. “BMS” was more free-flowing – they went with a “we’re going to do whatever we want” approach which might explain why the album is both A) the most experimental of those first four albums and B) why someone like Pos would feel like it was incomplete.
Personally, I never thought “BMS” cohered together in the same way that the first two albums did but that’s not to say it was sloppy. But you got the sense – affirmed by the group itself – that they were going with a “let’s see what sticks to the wall” approach. The fact that many songs on here weren’t even originally made for the album tells you a lot about how spontaneous the process was, at times.
3) “was this record primarily made on the SP?”
Great question; I didn’t ask and I don’t know. Personally? I doubt it. By 1993, there were better tools and I know De La had stepped up their production game, especially after listening to “Low End Theory.” They started working with Bob Powers for that reason and while they still wanted some “crunch” in their production, I don’t think they would have deliberately stuck with an SP for the sake of. My guess is that the SP got used but they probably had upgraded to using one of the Akai series sampler/sequencers (MPC or otherwise). I’m guessing someone like Dante Ross or Chairman Mao could fill in those blanks better.
4) “why did the knotted-mouth painting NOT get used as the album cover?”
Ha, I didn’t ask that specifically but I did ask about the cover art and the simple answer was, “we liked that photo.” Paul jokes that it’s the first time he ever appeared on a De La LP cover but, of course, the photo was so blurry, you can’t tell.
In one of your annotations, you wrote “Just for the sake of fact-checking, Smokey apparently didnâ€™t perform â€œA Quiet Stormâ€ at Motown 25 so it might have been a different performance Pos was watching.”
Perhaps he was LISTENING to the opening of 107.5 WBLS’s “Quiet Storm” programme, which used to open with Smokey Robinson’s “Quiet Storm.” Just guessing, but it could be…
So I just read one of your answers to a reader comment, above, which reads, “Personally, I never thought â€œBMSâ€ cohered together in the same way that the first two albums did but thatâ€™s not to say it was sloppy.”
In my view, the album does, indeed, cohere, but in the way that improvisational jazz music coheres.
And that’s quite fitting, considering Buhloone Mindstate has a jazz flavour and theme throughout.
DMcD: Completely agree with what you’re saying about the “improvisational jazz music” comparison. I didn’t include this but both Dave and Mase mentioned how “Buhloone” was, up until that point in De La’s career, the most jazz-influenced album they put out. That was partially in response to what Tribe and Gang Starr were doing, according to them.
This would make a dope one of those 33 1/3 books, I don’t think they have one on this album yet…
In the 1995 BBC documentary ‘Dancing in the Street’ Mase can be seen utilising an Akai MPC60 and S950. I would imagine these would have been more common tools around the time BMS was constructed.
maseo goes into more track credits on his interview for The Champs podcast
Goddam I love this article and this record. BMS was an absolute revelation when I first heard it and it’s truly stunning how well it has held up. This record & Stakes Is High, Mos Def’s Black on Both Sides, Cannibal Ox’s Cold Vein, Dalek’s Absence… serious masterworks that need more credit and discussion.
And fuck, there is no more clear and brilliant line than “Fuck being hard, Posdnous is complicated”.
The only thing I’d add to the discussion of BMS is that the album artwork is unparalleled. I’d love to know the story behind how they got to that idea.
Thanks for putting this together!